What is Type 2 Diabetes?: Signs, Symptoms and Causes

What is type 2 diabetes? 

Type 2 diabetes is actually a condition in which the cells in the human body cannot produce the glucose or blood sugar efficiently for the energy. It usually happens when the cells become insensible to insulin thus the blood sugar will gradually increase to the higher levels. There is also the type 1 diabetes available in many people’s body. When it comes to the type 2 diabetes, the pancreas still creates insulin but the body cells cannot use it in an efficient manner.

Cause of type 2 diabetes 

There are so many reasons why men and women are getting type II diabetes. They include,

  • Eating more foods or drinks with the simple carbohydrates and sugar.
  • Being overweight
  • Lack of exercise
  • Lack of activity
  • Stress & stress related hormones
  • Genetics

At the same time, there are some of the risk factors available to increase the chances of getting diabetes. They are,

  • Over body weight and obesity
  • Having family members with the previous diabetes history.
  • Being inactive including watching more than two hours of television in a day.
  • Consuming too much of processed food and sugar.
  • Drinking soda

When it comes to the diagnosis procedure for the diabetes, a blood sugar level will be more than 125 or randomly more than 200 when fasting. This condition shows that a particular person has the type 2 diabetes. The individuals with this diabetes condition should have to often monitor your blood sugar levels in order to avoid the low or high blood sugar levels. With the type II diabetes, there are some of the complications including neuropathy, kidney & heart diseases, foot problems, urinary problems, sexual problems and eye problems.

Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes 


Actually, there are no particular symptoms of this type II diabetes condition and it can be found and easily treated at the initial stages of the blood tests. Sometimes, the people with this diabetes condition will get the following signs and symptoms. They include,

  • Urinating more times
  • Excess thirst
  • Dark skin under chin, armpits or groin
  • Losing or gaining weight unintentionally
  • Fatigue
  • Blurry or cloudy vision
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Numbness or tingling in the feet
  • Wounds which won’t heal
  • Unusual odor to urine

Most probably the people with the obesity will often get these kinds of symptoms when they have type II diabetes.

Once it has been diagnosed that a specific person has the type 2 diabetes, it is better following the regarding treatments along with some of the lifestyle changes and regular diet. They include eating lesser amount of foods which are high in the simple carbohydrates like bread, sugar & pasta and also some of the sugary foods.

The suggested diet plan for the people with type II diabetes include the vegan or vegetarian diet, the paleo diet, the American diabetes association diet and the Mediterranean diet.  You must have to ask your doctor or health care provider to follow which type of the diet will be highly suitable for your current health conditions.


The following are some of the most popular treatment options for the type II diabetes such as,

  • Exercise
  • Diabetic eating plan suggested by your physician
  • Oral drugs
  • Weight loss
  • Injectable drugs
  • Dietary supplements
  • Treating some other problems like sleep apnea or stress

Not all the individuals with the diabetes require the drug therapy but it is suggested by the health care provider for some kinds of diabetes patients based on their health conditions. A proper exercise and healthy eating plan could be enough by making the important lifestyle changes in order to reduce the blood sugar levels.

The diabetes patients should take the foods which have only the lower glycemic load like vegetables, fruits and the best quality proteins such as chicken, fish, lentils and beans. Some other types of the nutrition rich foods for the diabetes patients include whole grains, fruits, nuts and lower fat dairy products. You should have to add all these kinds of foods in your daily diet plan for the effective treatment of type II diabetes.